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As veterinarians, we understand that caring for a pet bird can be both rewarding and challenging. Pet birds come in a variety of sizes, colors, and personalities, and each requires a specific type of care.

If you are thinking about adopting a bird, we have the information you need! In this article, we will share the five most common pet birds and the expertise needed to care for them. We will also provide insight into their unique needs, including their diet, environment, and behavior. By understanding these requirements, you can provide the best possible care for your new feathered friend.

1. Parakeets

Parakeets, also known as budgerigars or budgies, are among the most common pet birds in the world. They are small, and colorful, and you can train them to talk. Parakeets require a lot of attention and interaction from their owners. They are social creatures and enjoy the company of both humans and other parakeets. Parakeets are active birds and need plenty of exercise.

2. Cockatiels

Cockatiels are another popular pet bird. They are friendly, social, and have charming personalities. Cockatiels can learn to whistle, sing, and talk. They enjoy attention and interaction from their owners, as well as opportunities to fly and exercise.

Cockatiel. Portrait, cute and curious young cockatiel, close up.

3. Canaries

Canaries are popular pet birds because of their beautiful songs. They are relatively simple to care for and do not require as much attention as some other pet birds. Canaries are also active and need frequent exercise.

4. Lovebirds

Lovebirds are small, social birds well-known for their affectionate behavior. They are active birds and enjoy receiving lots of attention from their owners. Lovebirds are also known for their unique mating behaviors, such as cuddling and preening.

5. Finches

Finches are small, energetic birds known for their beautiful songs. They are pretty easy to care for compared to other species and do not need quite as much attention as some other species. Finches are social creatures and enjoy the company of other finches.

Expertise Needed to Care for Pet Birds

Caring for a pet bird takes a significant amount of expertise. Pet birds have unique needs you must meet to ensure their health and well-being. To keep your feathered friend healthy and happy, you need to provide them with a balanced diet, a comfortable environment, and plenty of attention and interaction.

In terms of feeding, pet birds typically need a balanced diet.

Your bird’s diet should include:

  • Fresh Fruits
  • Fresh Vegetables
  • Pellets (similar to dog kibble)
  • Seeds

Don’t go overboard on birdseed, though. It’s best to offer seed as an occasional treat rather than a staple of your bird’s diet. Avoid feeding them avocado, onions, and garlic, as these foods can be toxic to them. Birds also need access to fresh water at all times. Depending on which species you choose, their specific dietary needs may vary. Be sure to do your research before bringing a new feathered friend into your home!

Pet birds also need spacious cages that allow them to move around freely, and you’ll need to clean your bird’s cage frequently. Taller birds need tall cages that offer plenty of tail clearance, and smaller species require wide cages that have enough room for them to spread out. Choose an escape-proof cage made of non-toxic, sturdy materials with bars that are spaced proportionately to the bird(s) inside. Line it with a soft and easy-to-replace material, such as newspaper or paper towels for comfort and easy cleanup. Pet birds also need toys and perches to keep them entertained and to encourage exercise. You should also plan to let your bird outside of their cage for at least a few hours every day.

Another critical component of caring for a pet bird is understanding its behavior. Birds have complex social structures and communication methods. They require a lot of attention and interaction from their owners to remain mentally stimulated and happy.

Pet birds also need regular grooming. They require nail and beak trims so be sure to learn how to do these yourself or find a petstore in your area that offers these services. If you don’t want your pet bird to be able to fly away, they can also have their wings trimmed which prevents them from flying upward. This service is typically also offered at pet stores that sell birds. A cuttlebone should be available inside the cage so a bird can file its own beak regularly.

Like any pet, birds need veterinary care. As a pet bird owner, it is essential to be aware of the signs of illness in your bird. Birds are masters of hiding their illness, so it is essential to look for subtle changes in behavior or appearance. If you notice any signs of illness, it is important to seek veterinary care immediately.

Lovebird parrots are sitting on cups of food and eating, one of them is looking at the camera.


As veterinarians, we understand the unique needs of pet birds and the expertise required to care for them properly. Parakeets, cockatiels, canaries, lovebirds, and finches are the most common pet birds and each has specific care needs. Providing your pet bird with a balanced diet, a comfortable environment, and plenty of attention and interaction is crucial to their health and well-being.

Familiarize yourself with the signs of illness in birds, and seek veterinary care immediately if you notice any changes in behavior or appearance. Birds also need routine veterinary care and exams, just like any other pet. With proper care and attention, your pet bird will live a happy and healthy life, and you’ll get to experience the joy of sharing your home with a feathered friend.


  • Birds